Civic Tech Weekly Jul 3: In Kosovo, Open Data Is a Tool to Deepen Democracy

This week: Open Daka Kosovo showcases its many apps that improve democracy; A coder puts ICE on notice; and the g0v model comes to Hong Kong.

1. Spotlighting the groundbreaking work of Open Data Kosovo

The Kosovar capital of Pristina. Image courtesy of Wikimedia.

Blerta Thaci, Executive Director of Open Data Kosovo (ODK) and founder of Girls Coding Kosovo recently spoke with Hazwany Jamaluddin for an in-depth interview about the Republic of Kosovo’s open data and civic tech scene. Kosovo is a young republic, and faces a number of development challenges, including low government transparency, high youth unemployment, and issues of gender equality.

Since its founding in 2014, ODK has not shirked from those challenges, and has created a staggering number of projects to strengthen Kosovar civil society and democracy: 1. They built the country’s first open data portal 2. They created a popular app to report sexual harassment 3. And in order to expand education resources in the country, they’re compiling a database of online courses translated into Albanian.

Thaci says ODK’s biggest mission is to help institutions “build capacity for young people,” so that they “can all be part of this movement.”

Continue Reading at the Source: Civic Tech Weekly Jul 3: In Kosovo, Open Data Is a Tool to Deepen Democracy

2. ICE is running from data scrapping on Linkedin

An ICE agent. Image courtesy of Wikimedia.

In response to the Trump administration’s decision to separate children from parents at the US-Mexico border, a programmer has scrapped publicly available personnel data about US Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) — the agency responsible for dividing families.

New York-based programmer Sam Lavigne recently published a dataset of 1,595 people who identified as ICE workers on LinkedIn with the hopes of naming and shaming the workers responsible for carrying out Trump’s directives. However, the database was soon taken down by Medium. Similar data compiling exercises were carried out by the civic-hacking group Transparency Toolkit in 2015.

3. “g0vhk.io” holds its first hackathon in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong skyline. Image courtesy of Wikimedia.

Taiwan’s “g0v” (pronounced gov-zero) not only holds the title of largest civic hacking community in East Asia, it’s also a vocal supporter for democracy and human rights. Now, a group of civic hackers in Hong Kong are putting their own spin on the g0v platform, and have recently held their first hackathon this June.

The group’s establishment comes as Beijing peels away the vestiges of Hong Kong’s semi-democratic system under the “One Country, Two Systems” framework. g0v Hong Kong — or “g0vhk.io” — plans to monitor Hong Kong’s Legislative Council sessions, and provide insight to Hong Kong citizens on how their city is changing.

4. Move over Quora, there’s a new Q&A platform in town

A Quora page. Image courtesy of Wikimedia.

Let’s face it, the internet isn’t great at answering tough questions. Sure, a Google search can tell you the capital of Uruguay is Montevideo, but things get complicated when you need to find the best shampoo for dandruff or the best resort in the Azores. But a website called “Answer Bot” seeks to use the wisdom of the crowds to help the public make better decisions.

The site collates answers on tough questions, and adds helpful side-notes when there are major disagreements on a certain issue. For example, asking the AnswerBot “what car should I buy?” will aggregate hundreds of answers, and then point out areas of disagreement on ‘best fuel efficiency’ or ‘best safety record.’

Regional civic tech news:

Global

Video campaigning: Empowering the right people in a world of infinite video

Asia Pacific

Japanese blogger stabbed to death after internet abuse seminar

Vietnam cybersecurity law a devastating blow to freedom

Visualising on-street parking in Melbourne with open data

Wawasan Satu Data: applying human-centred design principles to data governance in Indonesia

Latin America and Caribbean

Transforming civic participation in Latin America through civic tech

Argentine equality group to use World Cup attention to advance gender mainstreaming in football

No paper, no electricity, no news: Information controls keep coming in Venezuela

North America

The ACLU and Citizens United team up to push for better access to government information

New York City Council launches new public dashboard

Family Separation Crisis Highlights Urgent Need for Transparency in Immigration System

Western and Eastern Europe

EU takes first step in passing controversial copyright law that could ‘censor the internet’

Europe’s proposed PSI Directive: A good baseline for future open data policies?

Finland: Open Data in Tourism

For more civic tech news, check out last week’s Civic Tech Weekly!

Civic Tech Weekly Jun 25: With GitHub Acquisition, Is Civic Tech in Jeopardy?

This piece can be used under the following copyright terms:

Within the first 48 hours of posting, this article is released under the CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 Taiwan license.

After 48 hours, this article is released under the CC BY 3.0 Taiwan license.

Civic Tech Weekly Jul 3: In Kosovo, Open Data Is a Tool to Deepen Democracy was originally published in g0v.news on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

 

Source: Civic Tech Weekly Jul 3: In Kosovo, Open Data Is a Tool to Deepen Democracy

Standardized urban data is helping this Nigerian city guide development | CitiScope

DUBAI — Until last year, if you asked most people living in Minna — a Nigerian city of less than 500,000 inhabitants about 90 miles from the country’s capital, Abuja — how many cemeteries there were in town, they probably would have said four or five.

In fact, there are 16, although many of them are inadequate in terms of size, says Abdul Husaini, general manager with Niger State Geographic Information Systems, a government agency that manages information around land.

“I used to make a joke with my colleagues: We had to think of planning for the dead,” he said recently. “You have a city that is growing. Unfortunately, you don’t know where to take [them] at the end of the day.”

To guide planning efforts and inform urban policy-making in Minna, the capital city of Niger state, Husaini and his colleagues at the Minna Urban Observatory have been locating and counting the cemeteries. And not just cemeteries — they’ve also been counting other facilities, too, including hospitals, banks, police stations, schools and places of worship.

And they’re not just counting, either: The end result is to plot the locations of each of these facilities on a map of the city using GIS. The result is a document called the Minna Basic Urban Services Information Index, which is being used to guide decision-making in the city.

[See: Three ways cities are using data to guide decision-making]

“For the purpose of making data to help policy-making, spatial representation is really important,” said Husaini. “If you have data in Excel, for instance, it’s just a document. But the moment you transfer that data to a spatial pattern, then the question of ‘How?’ will arise.”

One benefit of the index, he says, is that it has helped planners identify the spread of telecommunications towers so that people can understand why they get poor signals in certain areas. In turn, the government can advise telecom providers on where to improve their service.

“There is a need to link data, especially elements that are physical in nature, to their physical location,” said Husaini.

Read more at the Source: Standardized urban data is helping this Nigerian city guide development | CitiScope

Early adopter

Husaini spoke with Citiscope at this month’s Global Cities Summit in Dubai, a first-ever international conference on city data put on by the Toronto-based World Council on City Data (WCCD).

“If you have data in Excel, for instance, it’s just a document. But the moment you transfer that data to a spatial pattern, then the question of ‘How?’ will arise.”

Abdul HusainiGeneral Manager, Niger State Geographic Information Systems

Minna is an early adopter of the council’s standardized indicators for measuring city performance — a set of 100 indicators that track urban service delivery under the ISO 37210 certification, which could be finalized this year but has been in a pilot phase since 2014.

WCCD currently classifies Minna as “aspirational”. This means that it is reporting on between 30 and 45 of the 46 indicators considered “core” for ISO certification under the 37210 standard.

[See: How ISO standards for city data are starting to make an impact]

The Niger state government has been involved in this push since before ISO 37210 became a reality. In 2009, state officials joined on with the Global City Indicator Facility, the precursor to ISO 37210. Since then, it has been beefing up its data-gathering abilities.

In addition to creating the Minna Urban Observatory, where Husaini works, in 2014, officials also incorporated WCCD’s template for collecting standardized urban data into the work of the state Bureau of Statistics. That body collects data related to city functioning across government departments.

“Data is the universal language,” says Usman Liman, statistician-general with the Niger state government. “You have to have data to be able to plan.”

But first, this new push needed to get government administrators in the various departments, ministries and local governments it collects data from on board with the importance of accurate, reliable data and statistics. So in 2014, the Bureau of Statistics hosted a meeting with officials to drive the data agenda, Liman said.

Interestingly, the police — a federal agency — were the first to respond with the data required, according to Liman.

[See: For first time, governments pledge to bolster data systems at all levels]

Still, there was resistance to the effort to increase data-sharing. “My experience with developing countries is that it is easier for you as a statistician to extract information from illiterates than with literate persons,” Liman said. “Literate persons are not ready to give information.”

He explained that for surveys, for instance, the statistical office first has had to undertake a series of public-enlightenment initiatives, and also write a letter to the local government chairman explaining that locals are coming to request statistical information.

Highlighting gaps

Enhanced data capacity has led to a spectrum of improvements. It has assisted the government in constructing urban roads, expanding access to electricity, modernizing outdated water infrastructure, improving drainages and waste management, and revamping fire-fighting stations, according to information supplied by the Niger state government.

The city also has become a leader in tree planting, having planted over 19,000 trees for every 100,000 of its population, through an urban beautification programme that kicked off in 2011. That’s added to the city’s livability, according to a WCCD report.

Now, Husaini and his team at the urban observatory are about to embark on a project to map the distribution of electric transformers in the city.

“For any city to be successful, it must have the means of continually improving its data-gathering and analysis [ability], and proactively addressing the challenges associated with city development,” he said.

The Minna experience with ISO 37120 points to how cities that adopt a set of standardized metrics for keeping tabs on urban development can then identify gaps in their data-gathering efforts, and work toward remedying these.

“Working with city data or the [standardized] indicators is not only to have the indicators, but it will also show you the gaps in the data you don’t have,” said Husaini.

“Over the past nine years, we have seen the value of working with standardized data,” he said, “most importantly to appreciate the difficulty in getting some of the basic data that you need to plan.”

“Citiscope is a nonprofit news outlet that covers innovations in cities around the world. More at Citiscope. org.”